As of this month, Japan– the world’s third largest economy– is operating completely without nuclear power.
The Hokkaido Electric Power Company recently shut down its nuclear reactor, the last of Japan’s 50 reactors to go off-line. The closing is a result of the government’s inability to persuade the Japanese public to reintroduce production at reactors after last year’s tragic earthquake and the resulting nuclear crisis in Fukusima. The earthquake caused massive criticism over atomic energy in the country, and the reactors that were closed for maintenance in the wake of the disaster will not be reopened.
The public is not naïve to their predicament. According to Japan’s Asahi newspaper, public sentiment is “wavering between two sources of anxiety”– fear over the safety of nuclear power and fear that the country won’t be able to meet its energy needs. The closing of the reactors will have a spillover effect, not just for Japan’s energy needs, but for the nation’s economy as a whole. The government is already predicting energy shortages for the summer months, which are likely to affect Japan’s economic recovery as the cost of electricity rises and the yen continues to appreciate.
Despite the grim outlook, Japan is not new to energy shortages. Last year, the country managed to avoid any blackouts by imposing voluntary energy curbs on the use of power. However, a country with limited energy resources will find it difficult to grow, especially in an already difficult economic time for the country. It is clear that the Japanese government and its people need to come to a consensus about the country’s energy future, and whether or not nuclear energy will be a part of it. For now, the people seem to have raised their voices loud and clear. –Raffi Simel
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In a move Burger King hopes will resonate with environmentally conscious consumers, the fast-food behemoth says it will only be using cage-free eggs and pork in its 12,400 locations by 2017.
“So many tens of thousands of animals will now be in better living conditions,” said Wayne Pacelle, President of the Humane Society of the United States, a group that’s been urging BK and other similar companies to consider animal welfare in their purchasing practices. “Numerically this is significant because Burger King is such a big purchaser of these products.”
Perhaps the most interesting element of this announcement is its timing. In March, food industry research firm Technomic Inc. reported that Burger King had sales of $8.4 billion in 2011. By contrast, Wendy’s had $8.5 billion in sales, making it the first time since 1969 that BK wasn’t #2 on the burger ladder to McDonald’s ($34.2 billion).
As if that development wasn’t embarrassing enough for the fast food giant, Burger King also unveiled a celebrity-heavy ad campaign for its new salads, smoothies and other healthy snacks in April. The awkward ad with R&B superstar Mary J. Blige had the blogosphere all atwitter with posts about its racial insensitivity. To smolder the PR fire, the company axed Mary’s commercial.
The company’s new cage-free initiative certainly changes the conversation surrounding BK. The chain uses hundreds of millions of eggs and tens of millions of pounds of pork every year. “For every cage-free egg or piece of bacon from a gestation-free pork system that Burger King sells,” says HSUS food policy director Matthew Prescott, “animals have been spared lifelong confinement in a cage so small they can barely even move.”
Green Global Travel is all aboard with these new steps, but we’ll save our standing ovation for when the “Home of the Whopper” introduces similar eco-friendly practices for cows being housed in tight confinement and fed genetically modified grains. –DeMarco Williams
Travel writers (us included) frequently compare tropical rainforests such as those found in Costa Rica or The Amazon to Jurassic Park. But scientists have recently discovered the world’s largest known fossil forest in the United States, located 250 to 800 feet beneath the ground in a southern Illinois coal mine.
The forest was discovered in a series of eight mines which make up the Springfield Coal mines, which have been heavily mined for several decades now and make up a significant portion of the area’s energy resources. The Springfield forest is believed to be dated to 307 million years ago, which makes it only slightly younger than the Earth’s oldest forest, the Gilboa Fossil Forest, in Schoharie County, New York – which is 380 million years old.
The significance of this discovery is tremendous, according to an interview with University of London paleontologist Howard Falcon-Lang by the New York Times. “Effectively you’ve got a lost world,” Lang said. “It’s the closest thing you’ll find to time travel.”
But the deeper importance is the discovery’s implications on climate-related scientific research. Millions of years before dinosaurs roamed the earth, a river running through the forest flooded due to rising temperatures and heavy rainfall caused by global warming. The flooding river entombed the forest in mud, which can be seen today on the ceilings of the Springfield Coal mines. The discovery offers an incredibly rare insight into a mass-global warming event of the past, not unlike what many environmental scientists are predicting may happen in the future.
The fossilized remains of the Springfield forest are quickly disintegrating due to exposure, but more ceilings are being revealed every day. With what is believed to be 100 more miles of undiscovered fossilized remains in the Springfield forest alone, we can be sure that plenty more secrets of the past will be uncovered as scientists continue to put the pieces of the Earth’s global warming past into perspective. –Raffi Simel
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Those in the hospitality industry know how challenging it is to keep up with ambiguous sustainability standards. In fact, for years, the UN World Tourism Organization’s “Indicators of Sustainable Development for Tourism Destinations” has been the lone source of guidance for international attractions and accommodations. Thankfully, that will change once the Global Sustainable Tourism Council establishes its Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria for Destinations.
“While many destinations have been impacted by unsustainable development in the past,” says Erika Harms, Executive Director of the GSTC, “more and more destinations are now realizing the importance of sustainable tourism and are seeking outside support and guidelines to help set them on the right path. The GSTC’s Destination Criteria outline 45 specific actions that a destination can take to choose a different future—to make their cultural and natural attractions a source of delight for visitors, and a source of employment for locals, for many generations to come.”
The Destinations Criteria –the guidelines will discuss everything from community support to cultural heritage protection and waste management– were instituted by a panel of business owners and government officials after they analyzed the WTO’s indicators. Because it’s deemed as an internationally recognized set of sustainability steps, the Destination Criteria are viewed as baseline that each destination should adjust as needed.
Another promising aspect to the new criteria is that they won’t be shaped solely by hotel managers and academics; public consultation is also being sought in the matter. Through June 2, 2012, any concerned individual can write in here with suggestions to help the Destinations Criteria establish itself as the global voice in sustainable tourism. –DEMARCO WILLIAMS
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Amur Leopards are “teetering on the brink of extinction” says Dr. Sybille Klenzendorf, head of the World Wildlife Fund’s species program. Classified as critically endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), only about 30 of these amazing animals are believed to exist in the wild, with a just few hundred others remaining in captivity.
Fortunately, the world’s rarest wild cats (which are also known as the Far Eastern Leopard) have been given a home in the newly established Land of the Leopard National Park in Russia’s Far East. The park is set on 650,000 acres of contiguous forest in the Amur-Heilong watershed. The Amur-Heilong is an area roughly equal to the size of Alaska which holds numerous species that only exist in this region, including Amur tigers, musk deer and brown bears. Needless to say, both the area and the animals that inhabit it are well worth protecting.
But the Amur leopard is the penultimate concern of wildlife conservation efforts in the area. These gorgeous cats have been continuously threatened for decades by poaching, exploitation of forests, encroaching civilization and climate change. Human-induced fires are also a concern to the leopards’ survival, as these fires create open, savannah-type landscapes that leopards tend to avoid, creating an unsuitable habitat for the rare cats.
These are some of the many reasons that the Land of the Leopard National Park has been established. As part of the wider Amur Leopard and Tiger Alliance (ALTA)– an cooperative initiative between Russian and western conservation organizations to conserve the Amur leopard and Amur tiger– the park will include protective measures such as 4 anti-poaching teams, a 5-member fire-fighting team, a special police task force of police and satellite devices to keep the leopards safe. The conservation efforts also include education programs and media campaigns around the world to help protect what very well could be the last chance for Amur leopards’ survival. For more info on how you can help protect the Amur Leopard, visit the ALTA website. –Raffi Simel
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