Killing for Conservation
Can Hunting Save the Black Rhino?
Conservation, n.: “The action or process of conserving; preservation of life, health, perfection, etc.; (also) preservation from destructive influences, natural decay, or waste.”
What would you pay for the life of an endangered species, of which less than 5,000 currently exist? According to Corey Knowlton, the Texas-based big game hunting guide who purchased a trophy-hunting permit for the right to kill one Black Rhino, $350,000 is the cost of conservation.
The permit, purchased from the Namibian Ministry of Environment and Tourism, was sold at an auction last weekend by the Dallas Safari Club, which insisted that the money would be used to fund rhino conservation efforts. But details on how it will be used to that end remain sketchy at best.
The Namibian government has allowed five Black Rhino trophy-hunt permits a year since 2004. Numbers of black rhino have increased in recent years from 3,600 to 5,055. But this hasn’t stopped the Black Rhino from appearing on the IUCN Red List as critically endangered, the highest level of threat before extinction.
So news of the hunting permit’s sale sparked vitriolic debate between hunting advocates and wildlife conservationists center on whether killing for conservation is moral, or effective in terms of saving a species.
ANIMAL ACTIVISTS ON KILLING FOR CONSERVATION
Humane Society International is among the animal advocacy organizations actively trying to prevent the hunt, and is currently gathering names on a petition to stop the rhino’s import back into the U.S. We interviewed Teresa Telecky, HSI’s Director of Wildlife, to find out whether selling hunting licenses could potentially be used as a strategic tool for raising conservation funds.
“Trophy hunting removes individuals from critically endangered species’ populations,” she responded emphatically, “and is therefore harmful to conservation and should never be used.” Telecky pointed out that millions of dollars have been raised for Black Rhino conservation without removing any individuals from populations, suggesting that was the fundraising model that concerned parties should follow.
THE HUNTERS’ VIEWPOINT
Fans of Corey Knowlton were quick to add their views on the matter to his Facebook page. Their comments ranged from predictably pedestrian to surprisingly thoughtful:
“Hunt hard, shoot straight, kill clean and apologize to no one. Good luck!”
“Congrats on the amazing tag. What a chance to bag an awesome animal! Best of luck!!!”
“Congratulations on a once-in-a-lifetime tag. Just as every tag bought by every hunter helps ensure that the species, and wildlife as a whole, will survive and flourish, so will this one.”
Knowlton did not respond to our request for comment on the Dallas Safari Club permit, but he did post the following statement on his Facebook page:
“I am considering all sides and concerns involved in this unique situation. Please don’t rush to judgment with emotionally driven criticism towards individuals on either sides of this issue. I deeply care about all of the inhabitants of this planet, and I am looking forward to more educated discussion regarding the ongoing conservation effort for the Black Rhino.”
CONSERVATIONISTS FOR HUNTING?
In Knowlton’s defense, the International Union for Conservation of Nature– one of the world’s leading wildlife conservation organizations– offered its support for the Dallas Safari Club auction. In an IUCN letter written in December by Dr. Rosie Cooney, chair of the Sustainable Use and Livelihoods Specialist Group, she said:
“We recognize that it is not immediately intuitive that trophy hunting– even for endangered species– can be a positive conservation tool that can be used to fight poaching and acquire more habitat for wildlife. We further understand that the very idea of hunting is abhorrent to many people. However, in a world that requires pragmatic conservation solutions, trophy hunting– where well-managed– is frequently one of the most effective conservation tools available.”
THE US FISH & WILDLIFE SERVICE WEIGHS IN
But despite the fact that the sale of the trophy hunting permit to Knowlton (and the anonymous trophy hunter he represents) is now final, the firestorm of controversy surrounding the auction is just one of several likely bumps in the road.
In order to bring his Black Rhino trophy into the United States, Knowlton needs to obtain an import permit from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The agency has previously issued just one such permit, for a Black Rhino shot in 2009.
The USFWS issued a statement saying that they’d clarified the criteria that the Dallas Safari Club auction winner must meet in order for them to consider issuing an import permit. Most significantly, they insisted the rhino must be trophy-hunted as part of a well-managed conservation program designed to enhance the survival of the species. They also said that they had received no opposition to the permit, and had gotten support from World Wildlife Fund, the University of Namibia and many other Namibian NGOs.
THE PUBLIC OUTCRY
Of course, that was BEFORE word of the Dallas Safari Club auction began to spread. The Humane Society International has since set up their petition urging the USFWS to deny Knowlton the permit, with over 22,000 people signing it in the first 24 hours. Protests in Dallas have been ongoing, and Knowlton (a consultant for The Hunting Consortium and Outdoor Channel TV personality) has complained of receiving numerous death threats from outraged animal activists.
Teresa Telecky notes that the media attention on this case has reached a fevered pitch: “It puts the USFWS, and the Obama administration, in a difficult position because its action on this permit is being closely watched.”
This is obviously a complex conservation issue, with a lot of difficult questions and very few answers that even those in the conservation community can agree on. Is killing for conservation– even an older, aggressive, non-breeding animal like the one Knowlton is slated to slaughter– really the best way for impoverished countries such as Namibia to fund their National Parks system? More importantly, where does it end?
THE BIG PICTURE
Terlecky worries that this conservation model will become a slippery slope, with the argument used to rationalize killing the Black Rhino used for other endangered species, such as tigers, pandas and snow leopards, in the future. And the USFWS isn’t helping matters, stating that they’d consider issuing imports for trophies of other endangered species, “if we can determine that the import will enhance the survival of the species, and not jeopardize the continued existence of the species.”
But perhaps the biggest question of all– the question nobody seems to be asking here– is why, after tens of thousands of years of evolution, we as human beings seem to place more value on a dead animal than a live one? With over 1,000 rhinos poached in Africa last year to fuel the Asian market’s appetite for rhino horn used in traditional medicine, nobody is questioning the reality that something seriously needs to be done to protect endangered species such as Black Rhinos from poachers.
But if murder is the best solution we can come up with, what does that say about us? –Sarah Bennett, with additional reporting by Bret Love
We’d love to hear your thought on this controversial issue in the comments below. But please be respectful!
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