Penguins of Antarctica, Chinstrap penguin

Chinstrap Penguin, Chilling (Literally)

Penguins of Antarctica

“Everyone who comes here is eager to see the Penguins of Antarctica,” our Antarctica XXI naturalist guide told us as we prepared for our first shore excursion. “Don’t worry: I guarantee that you will see them! By the time this trip is over, you will say, ‘Yawn… another penguin.'” He was right about the first point: We saw thousands of penguins during our 5 days in Antarctica, including 3 different species, mama penguins with eggs, adorable baby penguins and even a rare albino penguin. But he was dead wrong about the latter, as we NEVER grew tired of watching them.


Gentoo Penguin in Antarctica

Gentoo Penguin Does Not Approve of Your Shenanigans


You don’t have to wait very long or look very hard to find the Penguins of Antarctica. We spotted our first colony on the shore of Half Moon Island before our Zodiacs had even landed, and were surprised to see two different species– the smaller Chinstrap Penguin (known for their distinctive facial markings) and the reddish-orange-billed Gentoo Penguin– intermingling there. The penguins didn’t seem to care much that we were there, but our guides ensured we maintained a respectful distance.


Chinstrap Penguin Above Orne Harbour, Antarctica

Chinstrap Penguin Above Orne Harbour


Not all of the penguins were so accommodating as to greet us right at the beach. Sometimes their colonies were located at the top of steep mountains around 1000 feet up, requiring arduous hikes through deep snow. One wrong step and you’d sink in up to your knees. But when you finally got to the top, the views were always breathtaking.


Chinstrap Penguin at Orne Harbour, Antarctica

Chinstrap Penguin Doing His Impression of Christ the Redeemer


It was fascinating to sit and watch the penguins for an extended period of time. Some just laid there, basking in the afternoon sun. Some hiked up and down the mountains, going to the ocean to feed. Others, like this little fella, created quite the ruckus, squawking and flapping their wings wildly and lifting their heads to the sky.


Mating Chinstrap Penguins in Orne Harbour, Antarctica

A Mating Pair of Chinstrap Penguins


Our guide explained that this odd ritual was how the mating penguins recognized each other. Each penguin’s call is unique, so they would raise their heads and squawk comically until their mate recognized them. Once the pair was reunited, they did an odd little dance where you weren’t quite sure if they would kiss or fight. Eventually they would settle down into a nest made of rocks, which the males would bring to their partners.


Penguins at Neko Harbour, Antarctica

Penguin Highways at Neko Harbour


We were fortunate in that we got to slide back down the mountain at Orne Harbour, and we’ll have a fun video of that coming soon. But the little penguins weren’t so lucky: They created little highways through the snow for themselves, and every day they would take these same paths up and down the mountain to go in search of food. If you happened to be on said path when they were trying to cross, the penguins looked VERY confused. In these situations, the penguins always had the right of way.


Penguins of Antarctica Swimming

Penguin Colony Swimming in Search For Food


Though their waddling movements on land were often amusingly clumsy, the penguins of Antarctica are truly a sight to behold once they reach the water. We had an excellent opportunity to watch them rocketing through the shallows of Neko Harbour, and had many chances to see them “dolphining” out of the water. The colony of Gentoo penguins pictured here went out in search of their favorite food, krill, and were forced to swim around until the tide grew high enough for them to get back on land.


Albino Penguin at Neko Harbour, Antarctica

An Extremely Rare Albino Gentoo Penguin


Arguably the coolest wildlife sighting of our entire trip was this extremely rare albino penguin. While most of our fellow passengers went up to the Neko Harbour viewpoint, we stayed on the beach, where a colony of penguins was gradually waddling across the rocks within 3 to 4 feet of us. Suddenly we saw this brown-backed beauty, and began snapping photos like crazy. Our guide, who had been visiting these islands every day during the tourist season for over 15 years, said he’d only seen one penguin like this before. So we felt extremely fortunate.


Rare Albino Penguin in Antarctica

The Albino Penguin Dares To Be Different


According to a story in National Geographic, the penguin is not truly an albino. Referencing a 2009 study published in Marine Ornithology, penguin expert P. Dee Boersma of the University of Washington calls the condition isabellinism. This genetic mutation dilutes pigment in penguins’ feathers, turning them a grayish yellow or pale brown. Regardless of what you call it, the results were uniquely gorgeous, and we took dozens of photos of this rare beauty.


Penguin Colonies at Mikkelsen Harbour, Antarctica

Penguin Colonies at Mikkelsen Harbour


The next day we made our way to Mikkelsen Harbour, which lies on the southern coast of Trinity Island and was discovered by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition of 1901-1904. Here, next to an unoccupied hut, it was easier to see how the penguins divide up into colonies. We also got a chance to watch male penguins stealing rocks from each other’s nests, hoping to impress their mate by bringing the biggest rock they could carry. Pretty hilarious stuff…


Gentoo Penguin Protects Her Egg, Antarctica

Gentoo Penguin Protects Her Egg


We also got our first opportunity to see penguin eggs up close. This Gentoo Penguin mama wasn’t having to keep her egg warm (as famously featured in the film March of the Penguins), since the temperature was a balmy 39 degrees. But you can see here how they use the nest of rocks to keep the eggs from rolling off their perch. We were sad to see a few broken eggs in the vicinity.


Penguin and Weddell Seal in Antarctica

A Penguin Treads Cautiously Near a Sleeping Weddell Seal


We didn’t see much in the way of inter-species interaction in Antarctica, so it was surprising when this Gentoo Penguin waddled within a few feet of a sleeping Weddell Seal. Although they prefer fish, squid and krill, these seals have been known to eat penguins on occasion. Luckily, this plucky penguin made it out alive.


Adelie Penguin Family in Antarctica

An Adelie Penguin Family Portrait


The bad news on our last day in Antarctica was that a snowstorm came in and delayed our departure by a day. The good news was that we visited Ardley Island, where we finally got to see baby penguins! We also got our first chance to see Adelie Penguins, which are easily recognizable due to their all-black heads and striking white eyes.


Adelie Penguin on Ardley Island, Antarctica

An Adelie Penguin Motoring on All Fours


The Adelies (the only penguins of Antarctica who travel on all fours) breed in rock-strewn nests from October to February, laying two eggs that are incubated for 32-34 days, with each parent taking 12-day turns. The chicks usually remain in the nest for about 3 weeks before joining crèches. By the time they’re 50-60 days old, the chicks have molted into juvenile plumage and gone out to sea.


Baby Gentoo Penguin Chicks in Antarctica

Mama Gentoo Penguin With Two Baby Chicks


We were blessed with another rare sighting at the end of our visit to Ardley Island. This mama Gentoo had two baby chicks (usually only one survives). After waiting more than half an hour in the freezing snow and watching as they slept, we were greeted by the sight of the twins waking up and begging to be fed.


Baby Penguins Feeding in Antarctica

Baby Penguins Say, “Feed Me!”


We ended up taking hundreds of photos of them, watching until they laid back down and went to sleep. Is it any wonder we fell madly in love with the penguins of Antarctica? –by Bret Love; photos by Bret Love & Mary Gabbett


Our trip to Antarctica was sponsored  by Adventure Life, a company of travelers with a passion for sharing the world with others. Visit their website to learn more about their Antarctica Tours.


If you enjoyed our Penguins of Antarctica Photo Gallery, you might also like: 

ANTARCTICA: How To Get To Antarctica Without Doing the Drake

ANTARCTICA: Taking the Polar Plunge

ANTARCTICA: Top 5 Eco Attractions in Antarctica

CHURCHILL: Polar Bear Photo Gallery

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