SPECIES– Markhor (Capra falconeri)
CURRENT THREAT– Trophy Hunters and Habitat Loss
CURRENT STATUS– Endangered
WHERE YOU CAN SEE THEM– Los Angeles Zoo, Rosamond Gifford Zoo (Syracuse, NY), India’sTatakuti Wildlife Sanctuary
What Is It?
A large wild goat found from Afghanistan to northern India, the markhor is divided into three subspecies: the Astor markhor, the Bukharan markhor and the Kabul markhor. The majestic mammal, the national animal of Pakistan, is one of the more sexually dimorphic animals in the wild. Males get well over 200 pounds, have an exaggerated amount of hair extending from their chin/chest and, most notably, have spectacular spiraling horns atop their heads. Females’ horns are less dramatic, throats less hairy and bodies a lot less stout. However, both sexes graze on grass and live in mountain elevations as high as 3,000 meters.
Why Are They Endangered?
Because of the males’ unique physical appearance, it has long been a sought-after target of humans. Trophy hunters want the circling horns for display. Locals want the meat for food. Some Chinese groups even seek out the animal for its medicinal purposes. With man’s steady encroachment, the endangered markhor is also in a fight over land with domestic livestock. According to the IUCN, the world’s population of markhor is down to around 2,500 adults. In the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir the number uncomfortably sits near 400.
What’s Being Done to Save Them?
To counter the sad statistics in Jammu and Kashmir, five parks (including the new Tatakuti Wildlife Sanctuary) have set up sanctuaries for the markhor. Unfortunately, other countries have been slower to respond to the animal’s plight. Even though the gorgeous wild goat serves as Pakistan’s national animal, it’s still legally being hunted in the country. Wildlife conservation organizations like Save Our Species are becoming more vocal on the local village level about the importance of keeping the species alive in Pakistan, one of the animal’s essential natural habitats. –DeMarco Williams
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